Практикум по грамматике английского языка учебное пособие

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Е. М. Базанова
Учебное пособие
Издательство Уральского университета

УДК 811.111’36(076)
ББК Ш143.21-932.2
В. В. Левченко, доктор педагогических наук, профессор,
заведующий кафедрой иностранных языков и профессиональной 
коммуникации Самарского университета;
С. А. Сучкова, кандидат филологических наук, доцент, 
директор Центра академического письма НИУ ВШЭ
Базанова, Е. М.
Практикум по грамматике английского языка : учеб. пособие /  
Е. М. Базанова. – Екатеринбург : Изд-во Урал ун-та, 2017. – 234 с. 
ISBN 978-5-7996-2234-3
Учебное  пособие  является  продолжением  учебного  комплекса  «Прак-
тикум по грамматике английского языка» и представляет собой справочник 
по  грамматике  английского  языка  и  одновременно  сборник  упражнений. 
Основная цель пособия состоит в формировании навыка правильного упо-
требления грамматических структур английского языка в различных видах 
речевой деятельности. Пособие состоит из 5 тематических разделов, каждый 
из которых содержит теоретическую и практическую части, что позволит из-
учать грамматические правила английского языка и сразу же закреплять их 
использование в контексте реального процесса коммуникации. По ходу рабо-
ты над каждым разделом пособия предлагаются тесты, предусматривающие 
промежуточный и итоговый контроль усвоенного грамматического материа-
ла. В конце книги приводятся предложения для перевода с русского языка на 
английский и приложения.
Пособие предназначено для учащихся старших классов средней школы 
с углублённым изучением английского языка или студентов тех институтов и 
факультетов иностранных языков, в которых курс практической грамматики 
читается на английском языке. Пособие так же может быть использовано для 
самообразования, или в качестве грамматического дополнения к любому кур-
су английского языка соответствующего уровня.
УДК 811.111’36(076)
ББК Ш143.21-932.2
ISBN 978-5-7996-2234-3 
© Базанова Е. М., 2017

Focus on
•  Future Plans
• Travel
•  Dreams and Reality
•  Future Simple 
•  Future Continuous 
•  Future Continuous vs Future Simple
•  Future Perfect Simple vs Future Perfect Continuous
•  Ways of Expressing Future
•  Clauses of Time and Condition
•  both, either, neither / both ... and /either ... or / neither ... nor
•  Further Practice: Articles
Future simple
•  a statement of a future fact
The journey will take six hours.
These expressions are usually used with Future Simple:
tomorrow (morning/afternoon/evening) / the day after tomorrow / in (the near) 
future / soon / one of these days / in a few minutes / in a moment  /in a week /in 
(five) months’ time / in a week’s time, etc.
•  to predict the future
In the future, machines will do many of the jobs that people do now.
When future is predicted, will is very often used with the following verbs 
and expressions:
I think they’ll win the competition this time.
I expect they’ll be here at 10 о ‘clock tomorrow morning.
I believe I’ll be rich and famous some day.
be sure 
I’m sure you’ll enjoy your holiday abroad very much.
be afraid  Helen can’t keep a secret. I’m afraid she’ll tell everybody.
Mike hopes he’ll have a well-paid job in 6 years’ time.

a) with adverbs of probability
probably  It will probably rain later this evening. 
Perhaps, I’ll see you tomorrow.
•  for a sudden decision made at the time of speaking
Wait a minute — I’ll open the door.
•  to show willingness to do or not to do something in the future
I promise I’ll give up smoking. I’ll never speak to her again.
He/She/It         will (’ll) work tomorrow.
a) will is used with all persons (I, you, he, they, etc.).
b) shall is used instead of will with I or we, but in everyday speech, 
will is more common.
c) in spoken English, ’ll is used with subject pronouns. He’ll be there in time. 
But: John will be there in time.
Exercise 1. Put the verbs in brackets into Future Simple. Use contraction 
(’ll) where possible.
Example: I think I ___________ (be) in Liverpool next week. — I think 
I’ll be in Liverpool next week. Fiona ___________ (be) 20 in March. — Fiona 
will be 20 in March.
1. They ___________ (arrive) home before midnight tonight.
2. Don’t worry. I ___________ (pay) for the damage to your car.
3. The company ___________ (give) you an extra day’s holiday.
4. “Would you like something to drink?”—”Oh, thank you. I ___________ 
    (have) some apple juice.”
5. Don’t touch wire! You ___________ (hurt) yourself.
6. I think the trip ___________ (be) rather exciting.
7. “I’m too tired to walk home.”—”Don’t worry. My brother ___________ 
    (give) you a lift.”

8. Of course, we ___________ (help) you.
9. “There’s someone at the door.”—”Is there? Oh, I ___________ (see) who it is.”
10. Alma ___________ (phone) your office after 3 o’clock.
11. She ___________ (lend) you some money if you have no objections.
12. I’m a bit cold. I think I ___________(put) on a sweater.
13. Bill looks tired. I think he ___________ (go) to bed early tonight.
14. We ___________ (make) the decision tomorrow.
 will not (won’t) work tomorrow.
a) will not (won’t) is used with all persons. (I, you, he, etc.)
b) shall not (shan’t) is used with I and we, but in everyday speech, 
will not (won’t) is more common.
Exercise 2. Write negative sentences with the verb in brackets.
Example: He won’t forget (forget) to take his medicine. 
1. My parents ___________ (let) me go to the disco alone. 
2. She ___________ (accept) the invitation. 
3. It ___________ (rain) today. 
4. I know she ___________  (agree) with this idea. 
5. I think the exam ___________  (be) very difficult. 
6. They ___________ (have) a really good time in that nightclub. 
7. Mary ___________ (finish) this report tonight. 
8. Peter’s friend ___________ (stay) here till 9 o’clock. 
9. The sun ___________ (set) at 7.35 pm tomorrow. 
10. Don’t trust this company. You ___________ (see) your money again. 
11. I ___________ (go) anywhere for a walk tonight. 
12. It ___________ (cost) me much to travel to my native town by train. 
13. My parents ___________ (return) home before twelve. 
14. She ___________ (finish) all of her work before midnight. 

Exercise 3.  Complete  the  following  sentences  with  I think I’ll … or  
I don’t think I’ll …
Example: It’s hot. You decide to open the window. — I think, I’ll open the 
window. It’s snowing heavily. You decide not to go out. — I don’t think I’ll go out.
1. You feel a bit hungry. You decide to have something to eat.
2. You don’t know Ken’s mobile telephone number. You decide to phone him 
at work.
3. Bill is very lazy. He isn’t studying hard enough to get ready for his exams. 
You are sure he’s going to fail them.
4. A friend of yours offers you a lift in his car, but you decide to walk.
5. It’s cold and windy outside. You decide not to go jogging.
6. You are not keen on computer games, but a friend of yours offers to play a 
game. You don’t want to.
7. You are very tired. You decide to go to bed early.
8. You are in a hurry to catch the 8.15 train to the suburbs of Moscow. You 
decide to take a taxi.
9. Your travel agency offers you a boat trip. You are afraid to be seasick. You 
decide not to go.
10. Your shoulder bag is too heavy. You decide to leave out some items. 
Exercise 4. Write questions do you think__________ will ___________? 
with one of the verbs provided below.
cost, forgive, phone, like, be back, stay, finish, snow, pass, grow
Example: The weather doesn’t look good. Do you think it will snow?
The meeting is still going on. When do you think it will finish?
1. “I’m going out now.”—”OK. What time___________________________?
2. Here is a new teddy bear for your little brother. Do ______________________?
3. Look, Mum! Here is a letter from Uncle Willie. He’s coming to see us! 
4. “You look sad. What’s the matter?” — “My friends are leaving the country. 
They’re going to Germany to study, so I prob ably   them  for  a  couple  of 
years.” — “Why not? You can go there for a holiday.”
5. “I’m going to buy Alice an iPhone for her birthday.” — “She’s already got 
one.” — “Has she? Well, I ___________ her a iPad.”
Exercise 5. Complete the sentences with your predictions. Use the verbs 
in brackets.
Example:  The  weather  ___________  (get)  much  warmer  in  the  next  
few years. 

The weather 
will/won’t get
 much warmer in the next few years.
1. Clothes ___________ (be) very different in the year 2030. 
2. Private cars ___________ (disappear) before the year 2100. 
3. Everybody ___________ (have) a computer in the year 2040. 
4. In the year 2050 people ___________ (eat) the same things as they do now. 
5. Russia ___________ (win) the next football World Cup. 
6. English ___________ (be) the world language in the year 2025. 
7. People ___________ (travel) 
to distant planets by 2100. 
8. Scientists ___________ (find) a cure for cancer before the year 2045. 
9. Astronauts ___________ (land) on Mars in the next few years.
10. Parents ___________ (choose) appearance and character for their babies.
Exercise 6.  Ben  is  18  years  old  now. What  will  he  be  like  in  6  years 
from  now?  How  will  his  life  be  different  then?  Complete  what  Ben  says.  
Use will/won’t.
 I expect/I graduate from university with honors. 

I expect I’ll graduate from university with honors.
1. I believe I/have a master’s degree in economics.
2. I hope I/have a rather good job in six years’ time.
3. Perhaps I/have a challenging job.
4. I expect I/be a self-made person.
5. I probably/not/be very rich.
6. I/not/look the same as I do now.
7. I think I/be married.
8. I/probably/study abroad.
9. I hope I/travel anywhere I like.
Are these things true for you?
Write sentences about yourself. Use I’ll... / I’ll probably be... / I don’t 
know where I’ll be... / I expect... / I don’t think I’ll... etc.
This evening____________________________________________________
Tomorrow  morning______________________________________________
At  the  weekend_________________________________________________
Next month_____________________________________________________
This  summer___________________________________________________
A few years from now____________________________________________ 
In  2025  _______________________________________________________ 

Shall   I  
help you?  
- Yes, please. / No, thanks.
Shall   we   
go to the theatre?  - OK, let’s go. I’m afraid, I cannot. 
Will   she/he/it  stay here? 
- Yes, she/he/it will. / No, she/he/it won’t.
a) Shall is generally used as a first person question (with /or we) to make 
suggestions and offers.
b) Will is used as a first person question with /to ask about future Will I be 
happy, will I be rich...?
Exercise 7.  Make  these  sentences  into  general  questions.  Give  short  
Example: (You be) at home tomorrow?
—Will you be at home tomorrow —Yes, I will. / No, I won’t.
1. (You see) your parents this weekend? 
2. (They go) to Scotland in June?
3. (Kate and you go) to the cinema next week?
4. (She come and see) her mother soon?
5. (Sam be) at the party too?
6. (Her son be) at school on Friday?
7. (Sally come) to the station to see them off?
8. (It be) Wednesday tomorrow?
9. (A friend of hers arrive) before 10 am.
10. (She leave) us some food in the fridge?
11. (You try) to find me those books?
12. (You open) your bank account in this bank?
13. (He tell) us the truth about the accident?
14. (Peter’s brother be) at home for the next hour or so?
Exercise 8. Read a situation and then make up a sentence with Shall I?
Example: You see an old lady at the bus station. She is carrying a heavy 
bag but you can see it is too heavy for her. What do you say? – Shall I carry 
the bag for you?
1. You are going to your classroom and so is your teacher, but she has a lot of 
books in her hands. What do you say?
2. Your friend cannot do a problem. You already know the answer. What do 
you say?

3. The train is going to leave in a few minutes. Frank is going to get himself a 
magazine. He sees his girlfriend has nothing to read. What does he say?
4. Two men are trying to push a car. They are finding it very difficult. What do 
you say?
5. The teacher is trying to talk, but a lot of noise is coming from the street, as 
the win dow is open. You are next to the window. What do you say?
6. You are at home with your grandmother. It’s rather late. She is dozing, and 
the tele vision is on. What do you say?
7. You and your friend are going out of the house. The computer in your friend’s 
room is working. He is outside; you’re not. What do you say?
8. You and a friend of yours are in a men’s fashion shop. You want to buy a pair 
of trousers. Now you are trying them on, but you are not sure whether to buy 
them or not. What do you say?
Exercise 9. Read a situation and then use Shall we? to make a suggestion.
Example: It’s Saturday evening and Charles and Pamela want to go out 
Neither of them knows where, but then Charles has an idea.
He says: Shall we go to a concert?
1. You and your friend are hungry. There is a McDonald’s nearby. You think it 
is not a bad restaurant. What do you say?
2. You and your friend have to get somewhere in Moscow. You know it is 
quickest by metro. What do you say?
3. David and his girlfriend want to go out. He knows there is a good film on at 
the cin ema. What does he say?
4. Your mother wants to discuss something very important with you. But you 
feel run down after a long day. What do you say?
5. You and your sister can’t decide what presents to give your parents for the 
coming holiday. Then suddenly your sister has an idea.
6. It’s late at night. Two men are still in the office. They are arguing about one 
particu lar issue. Then the one who is tired of the argument says:
7. Julia and her friend are getting ready for an exam. It’s quite stuffy in the 
room, and Julie has a terrible headache. She wants to go out for a walk in the 
park. What does she say?
8. Your grandfather is feeling bad today. None of the medicine he usually takes 
helps. He is getting worse. Your mother says:
9. Stella and her friend are giving a party tonight. They want to cook something 
special. Stella has got a Greek cookery book. She says:

Exercise 10. Make up your own sentences with Shall I? / Shall we?
Example:  the theatre this evening? —  Shall  we  go  to  the  theatre  this 
evening? do the washing-up for you? — Shall I do the washing-up for you
1. eat out somewhere?
2. buy something for you in the supermarket?
3. call the doctor?
4. a game of tennis?
5. close the window?
6. carry that bag for you?
7. turn on the light?
8. explain this rule again?
9. help you with your essay? 
10. cook the dinner for you tonight? 
Exercise 11. Put the words in the correct order to make sentences.
 cold/will/it/in the evening/be? — 
Will it be cold in the evening?
will/to/be/see/again/nice/it/you. — It will be nice to see you again
1. they/win/the/will/match? 
2. won’t/test/driving/pass/he/his.
3. go/you/to/this/Greece/year/will?
4. tonight/be/Nick/party/the/won’t/at.
5. you/for/window/open
6. jacket/will/on/think/I/put/a /I.
7. good/probably/won’t/any/do/it.
8. next/be/will/thirty/Steve/birthday?
9. you/letters/will/post/for/he/those.
10. out/shall/tonight/we/somewhere/go?
Shall   I 
   do        my homework or help you about the house? — 
Do your homework first.
Shall   we 
   stay  at home or go to the movies? — 
Let’s go to the movies.
   wait  till tomorrow or the day after tomorrow? – 
Exercise 12. Ask alternative questions and give short answers.
Example: It (take) us an hour to get there by bus/on foot? 

—  Will it take us an hour to get there by bus or on foot? – (It’ll take us 
an hour) on foot. 
I (ring) you tonight/tomorrow? — 
Shall I ring you tonight or tomorrow? — 
(Ring me) tonight.
1. You (be) in London for 
three months/
for a couple of weeks?
2. Paula (see) you at Fred’s house/
at her parents’?
3. Your sister (be) 20 in 
in April?
4. John (call) round 
the day after tomorrow?
5. The weather tomorrow (be) warm and sunny/
cold and rainy
6. I
 (help) with the washing-up/
cleaning the kitchen
7. We (go) 
to the zoo/
to the park?
8. You (get) your bachelor’s degree 
in four years’ time/
9. I (wear) something 
formal to the party?
10. His boss (go) on a trip by train/
by plane
11. We (borrow) some money from our parents/
from the bank
12. You (see) your friends 
next week?
13. You and your elder brother (have) a holiday at the seaside/
in the mountains
shall   I   do  ? 
— Whatever you like.
will   I   be   in ten years’ time? 
— Nobody knows. 
shall  we  go   tonight? 
— Let’s go to the cinema.
will  you  tell   her the truth? 
— One of these days.
How old  
will  he   be  next year? 
— 21.
How often  will  you  see  each other next semester?  — Once or twice a 
How long   will  it  take  ? 
— About an hour.
How much   will  it  cost  you?   
— It won’t be too expensive.
will  she  stay  in town this summer?  — I’m afraid, I do not 
will  ----  win  the race? 
— At the moment, it’s 
hard to say. 
Exercise 13. Complete the sentences.
Example: Who will a
rrange everything? — I will.
1. ___________ show me the way?  
    — One of the guests.
2. ___________ Kate ___________ next year? — She’ll be 19.
3. ___________________ the weekend? 
— I think we’ll spend it in the 

4. _____________ at the station?  —They’ll meet us at about 3 o’clock.
5. ________ new country cottage ______?  — It won’t be cheap, I’m afraid.
6. ___________for breakfast? 
— I’ll have a cup of coffee and some toast.
7. ___________ to bed?   
— Early tonight.
8. ___________ this summer? 
— I’ll go to the seaside.
9. ___________ the World Cup?  — Perhaps, Brazil.
10. ___________ dinner?   
— Let’s eat out in a new French cafe.
11. ___________ buy? 
— I’ll buy The Times.
12. _________ tennis next month?  — (They’ll play) once or twice a week.
13. _______ to get to your native town by train? 
   — It won’t take long.
14. ___________ for you?  
— Cook something delicious.
15. _______ help you with your homework? — A friend of mine will.
16. ___________ stay at home tonight?   — Because he’s expecting a call 
from his British friend
Exercise 14. Nick wants to see Sandra. He is talking to her on the tele-
phone. Complete the conversation with will/shall/won’t.
___________ (you/be) at home this evening, Sandra?
Sandra:  Well, I’m working late. I don’t expect ______ (finish) until after 9 pm, so 
I ___________ (not/be) home until quite late.
Oh, I see. What about tomorrow? _________ (you/be) free for lunch?
Sandra:  No, I’m afraid. I ___________ (be) in a meeting at lunchtime.
What time ___________ (the meeting/end)?
Sandra:  I’m not sure, but it probably ___________ (not/finish) before 2 pm.  
Listen, _________ (we/meet) for a coffee after work tomorrow evening?
What time ___________ (you/finish) tomorrow?
Sandra:  ____________ (be) free by 6 pm.
All right. I _______________ (meet) you at your office at 6 pm then.
Sandra:  Right. I ____________ (see) you then.
Exercise 15. What questions would you ask a fortune-teller? 
Begin with Will / When / How long / Where ______. Ask at least 10 
Example: Will I work for an international company?
  Who much will I earn? 
  Will my job be interesting?

I’ll give you a lift, shall I? – Yes, please. That’s very kind of you. / No, thanls. 
I’ll walk.

be successful, 
go by train,  
(’ll) will  be careful next time,  won’t…? – Yes, /(No,)…will (won’t). 
be OK,  
The train    
leave at 7.30 pm,  
work next week, 
You    be late,  
tell anyone,  
will…? – Yes, /(No,)…will (won’t). 
stop help us,  
It   rain tonight, 
a) After Let’s.... the question tag is shall we? Let’s go out for a walk, shall 
b) After the imperative (Do/Don’t do...) the tag is will you? Open the door, 
will you?
c) To make an offer, shall I is used in the tag: I will give you a lift, shall I?
Exercise 16. Give the correct tag to these sentences.
He will enjoy his stay in Moscow, _________________?
I will be an independent person, _________________?
Tomorrow will be cold, with some snow in the afternoon, _________________?
Sally won’t tell you what to do. Don’t ask her for advice, _________________?
They will need a lot of money for that trip, _________________? 
All Mike’s friends will be at his wedding, _________________? 
I’m certain he will agree, _________________?
Let’s have dinner, _________________?
Everything will be justified, _________________?
Exercise 17. Ask questions about the information in italics.
1At the weekend we’ll probably go to the cinema.
2. Tomorrow evening I expect I’ll eat out with my friends.
3. At the end of this course, I’ll probably speak English rather well.
4. I’ll have two lectures tomorrow.

5. I’ll never finish that book: it’s too boring.
6. You will find the newspaper on the table.
7. Yes, I will enjoy Mr Smith’s next English lesson.
8. Moscow will be 900 years old in 2047.
9. OK, let’s have a holiday in Egypt.
10. It will be rainy and quite cold.
11. They’ll meet Joyce at the airport at 7 o’clock.
12. No, I won’t work from Wednesday till Friday.
13. It’ll take you an hour and a half to get to the airport.
14. Dave will be a Master of Science in three years’ time.
‘THERE IS/ARE’ in Future Simple 
+ There will always be future for music.
There won’t be any newspapers tomorrow.
Will there be any talk shows today?
— Yes, there will. 
Alternative:  Will there be national or international 
students in your group?
— International.
What will there be on TV?
— I don’t know.
When will there be a party?
— At 7 pm.
Why will there be no opportunity for 
— All the shops 
will be closed at 
that time.
How many people will there be at the 
— A lot. 
How much snow will there be in the 
mountains at this time of the year?
— Not much.
What kind of books will there be in that 
— Only scholarly 
There won’t be any wars in future, will 
— No, there won’t. 
There will be lots of games at the party, 
won’t there?
— Yes, there will. 
Exercise 18. Rewrite each sentence as positive, negative, or a general 
question, according to the instructions.
Example: There will be no tickets left. (Question) — Will there by any 
tickets left? 
There will be a world war before the year 2030. (Negative) —There won’t 
be a world war before the year 2030. 

There  won’t  be  any  other  extras  to  pay  for.  (Positive)  —There will be 
some extras to pay for.
1. There will be presents for all the children who are coming to the party. 
2. There will be a meeting tomorrow. (Negative)
3. There won’t be a world government before the year 2050. (Positive)
4. There will be plenty of room for everyone at the reception. (Question)
5. There will be hundreds of people on the beach. (Negative)
6. There won’t be much sun at this time of the year. (Positive)
7. There will be no entertainment programmes today. (Question)
8. There will be some letters in the mailbox for you. (Negative)
9. There won’t be any exams in June. (Positive)
10. There will be less traffic jams in Moscow in the near future. (Question)
11. There won’t be a world currency in the future. (Positive)
12. There will be more epidemics in the 3rd millennium. (Negative)
Exercise 19. Ask questions about the information in italics.
1. According to the weather forecast, there will be a strong wind at night.
2. There will be special programmes today because of the event.
3. There will be a lot of places of entertainment in my hometown before the 
year 2025.
4. They say there will be little snow this winter.
5. There will be no violence and cruelty in future, because people will be kind 
and wise.
6. There will be lots of games, songs and dances at Don’s birthday party. I hope 
you will enjoy yourselves.
7. There will be no trains to the suburbs after midnight.
8. There will be quite a few venues for a three-day arts festival in the city.
9. There will be another Olympic Youth Games in the year 2020.
Future continuous
• to talk about an action which will be
 in progress
 at some time in the future
 phone me 
at 8.00
 I’ll be having a meeting
• to talk about an activity or state which covers the whole of a future time period
I’ll be working
all evening

• to talk about things in the future which are already planned, or which are 

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