По граматике: Gerund. Infinitive. Participle II.. Present Simple Passive. Past Simple Passive



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ГОС билет 13-19
Daffodil- бледно-желтый нарцисс

the leek - лук порей-.

the shamrock-трилистник

The national emblems of different parts of the UK are the red rose, the thistle, the daffodil,

8 ) to describe- описывать It is necessary to describe each part of the country.

9 ) to mention -упоминать –еске алу,атап өту.Don’ t mention it?

10 ) a peninsula -полуостров-The southern peninsula is washed by the English Channel.

11 ) to flow -течь, литься-ағу. Many rivers are flowing through Great Britain.

12) tributaries- приток-саға (өзеннің).Some rivers have tributaries

13) swift -скорый,быстрый-ағысы қатты As a rule, the rivers in the mountains are swift.

14) busy-занятый, оживленный. тығыз қатынас жолы.The Thames is a busy river.

15) to be worth- стоящий,внимание –көруге тұрарлық ,көңіл аударатын this country is worth seeing.

16) to continue- продолжать - жалғастыру . She continued to write a letter.

17) a cross- крест. The flag of the UK is made up of three crosses.

18) a patron saint- покровитель заступник -қорғаушы-святой-әулие. St. George is the patron saint of England

19) upright-вертикальный-тік .The red cross is upright.

20) a background-задний план,фон- артқы жағы .The upright red cross is against a white background.

21) a habit-привычка-әдет. He smokes and has some more bad habits

22) to succeed in-достигать цели,преуспевать-қол жеткізу. He has succeeded in business.

23) to depend upon-зависеть от-тәуелді болу

This country doesn’t depend upon the industry of other countries.

24) to manufacture-производить, изготовлять -өндіру ,шығару

The firm manufactures cars.

25)changeable-изменчивый,непостоянный,неустойчивый –The weather is very changeable because of the winds.

26) humid- сырой, влажный-ылғалды.

27) to melt-таять- еру . The snow melts quickly because it is warm.

28) to assist- помогать.Please, assist me to find an information on the subject.

29) to miss-скучать, пропускать-сағыну,өткізіп алу,жіберіп қою Her sister has gone to another country and she misses her very much.

30) an emerald -изумруд. She has got a ring with emeralds.

31) the Trinity-Троица. The shamrock is an illustration of the Christian doctrine of the Trinity.


THE UK

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ( the UK )occupies a territory of the British Isles ( 5,500 islands ) with the total area of 244,100 sq. km. The UK is situated off the north-western coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.

It is separated from the continent by the English Channel and Strait of Dover. The UK is also washed by the Irish Sea ,the St George’s Channel and the North Channel. Surrounding the British Isles by the water has been an important protection against the invaders throughout the English history. And certainly, it influences the climate of the country.

The UK consists of four parts and every part has its national emblem: England-the red rose, Scotland-the thistle, Wales-the daffodil and the leek, Northern Ireland-the shamrock. The capitals of the four parts are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, and Belfast respectively.

One can’t describe the country without mentioning its surface. The island of Great Britain can be divided into two main regions: Lowland Britain and Highland Britain. Lowlands comprise southern and eastern England. Highlands include Scotland, Wales, the Pennines, the Lake District, and the southern peninsula of Britain. Many rivers are flowing through Great Britain, such as the longest Severn with its tributaries, the swiftest Spey, the busiest Thames, etc. All parts of Great Britain are worth seeing.

The population of the UK is over 57 million people. The official language is English, but some people continue speaking their mother tongue: Scottish in Western Scotland, Welsh in northern and central Wales, and Irish in Northern Ireland.

The flag of the UK is made up of three crosses of the patron saints: the upright red against a white background-St George of England, the white diagonal against a blue background-St Andrew of Scotland, the red diagonal against a white background-St Patrick of Northern Ireland. The English people have the habit of naming their national flag “the Union Jack’.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy. The head of the State is the Queen who reigns with the support of Parliament.

For a long time the UK has succeeded in remaining one of the important commercial centers of the world. Nowadays the UK doesn’t depend upon economics and industrial manufacturing of other countries
LONDON

London is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland it occupies a great area with the population over eight million people. It is situated upon both banks of the Thames. It is divided into four parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. The City is the business and commercial heart of London.

The City, the heart of London, comprises the area of 2.6 sq. km. Less than 6.000 people live there. After finishing their working day more than 500.000 people leave the City. This part of London with numerous banks and offices has succeeded in remaining the financial centre of the UK for a long time. The Tower and St. Paul's Cathedral are in the centre. The Tower is about 900 years old. Many years ago it was a royal residence, then a prison. Now it is a museum. St. Paul's Cathedral is very large and fine. It was completed in 1710. The famous English architect Christopher Wren planned and built St. Paul's Cathedral.

If the City is the business part of London, Westminster is the centre of administration. We can see the Houses of Parliament there. It is a beautiful building with two towers and a very big clock called Big Ben. The Houses of Parliament stand in Parliament Square. Westminster Abbey is opposite the Houses of Parliament. Many great Englishmen were buried in Westminster Abbey. To the west of Westminster Abbey you can see Buckingham Palace. It is the royal residence. The ceremony of the changing of the guards which takes place in front of Buckingham Palace is of great interest to the tourists. 

The West End, the centre of London, is worth seeing. The best and most expensive clubs, restaurants and theatres, large hotels and shops, beautiful houses and famous parks are there. Rich people enjoy spending their free time and money there.

The East End, the workers’ region, is made up of great industrial areas that depend on shipping.

So, the English people have a habit of naming the City- the money of London, the West End- the goods of London, and the East End- the hands of London.

London is unlike any other city in the world. It has rather wide streets but low houses. It looks very grey because there is so much rain and fog there. Only buses and pillar-boxes are red. This city has never been planned and it has many parts which are different from each other.





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