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The thirty-third word

The soul and the body are given to man by nature. The properties of his origin are different. One, the so-called involuntary, are born with a man, others are acquired as a result of his work. The need to eat and drink is inborn, as well as the dream. The desire to see the world and know it is an involuntary need. Only the mind and knowledge are the fruits of the labor of the man. Man learns the world by watching with his eyes, listening to the sounds with his ears, touching the subjects with his hands, inhaling the scents with the nose, defining the taste with the tongue. All of his feelings - pleasant and unpleasant - are remembered as defined images. Assimilating with these five senses, they are stored in a memory in a specific ratio, creating a kind of system of images. The imagery of a particular phenomenon or object, the strength of fixing it in memory are directly dependent on the strength of the impression produced by that object or phenomenon. The impression of some of the new phenomenon can set in motion a number of previously learned images, and some of them are even more vivid, while others fade. So we do not deal with a system of certain frozen images formed from the initial perception, but with the continuously changing form of knowledge of the world. The human spirit is gradually growing stronger with these acquisitions - the joys and experiences. It is not difficult to understand why the power of the spirit is weak at first: in this period it is mainly depends on the volume or the amount of knowledge. That is, the more burdened the memory, the more the human spirit, his will becomes stronger. The man of critical mind, who is inclined to the analysis, who can separate the necessary from the unnecessary, as a rule, has a strong spirit. And the one, who does not reflect on what he saw and heard, does not only acquire a new, but loses the old knowledge. His spirit is weakening. A person, who has understood it, I think, can be called smart.

But there is another category of people. «What can I do, if God didn't give me mind? - They throw up their hands. - He created us to be different, you are intelligent, but I’m not...» These people slander God to whitewash their ignorance and laziness. Did God say any of them: « Do not watch, do not listen, or do not think about what you’ve seen and heard, or do not memorize anything? » Did God make ​​him to indulge in unrestrained merriment, pursue the treats, sleep long or boast? No, it is not God's fault that this man lost spiritual values and turned into an animal.

There are a lot of strange people in the world. There are those who agree that the mind develops in the course of work and desire - is an involuntary feeling, originally pledged in a man. It is not necessary to argue here, because the desire to learn can be seen in every child. But then, these people say: those, who had more desire, of course, became smart, and those, who had less desire, were not able to achieve anything. It is awrong statement. We have already discussed: the power of the spirit at the beginning of human life is insignificant, and if you do not develop a desire for knowledge, it is easy to lose even that little that you have. Skills of the man, his art are sanded by continuous lessons, exercise.Inactivity leads to the fact that certain faces of skill gradually begin to blur and then mastery itself no longer exists. A person may not even notice that he became different. After all, mastery or knowledge does not warn us here, they say, I'm leaving...

One just has always to remember how hard he grew up and known the world. Having lost your knowledge once, it is incredibly difficult to master them again, may not be enough fortitude. You can write endlessly about the strength of the spirit, or, as they say, of mental strength, for arguments about it seem to me to be the beginning of an independent science. And every science is limitless...

But there are three properties that, I think, are the basis of human nature.

The first -is the liveliness of perception. No matter what you have seen and heard, or what you have found out, you have not only quickly to establish the essence of the new, but also to find out what it will give to you in the future. That is necessary to determine in this case two possible extremes, what kind of benefit and what kind of damage it will do. Without the mobility of the mind, which in a short time finds a new level of value ,even the most meticulous and long study cannot be considered to be sufficiently useful. Man must learn to think through the situation in time, to make a decision and implement it in time, in short, he should say the word in time. Otherwise the remorse will follow him over his life.«Ah, what a shame! - He will think – I should have done differently. I missed time...»

Second - this property is being explained by the attractive force of the uniform. This force is in the ability to compare the new things that people learned, with the truths already known to them. Are they completely uniform? Or, say, they have only a few similar properties? The desire to establish a connection between the old and the new makes people ask about incomprehensible the others, to learn it from books, to think.

Third - is impressionable heart. It can be saved if to protect the heart from ostentation, greed, thoughtlessness and carelessness. Then, as in a clear mirror every image will be reflected in the heart and it will be apprehended by all human beings and will be remembered for a long time. If you do not manage to keep your heart clean, the world reflected in it will be distorted: it will appear dull and wrong. What meaning has such acquaintance with the new for person? It is seen by him in a false light, and will necessarily lead to errors.

With the strength of his hands a person obtains property: it carries the benefit of life, but there is enough damage in it. The man has to know about all of this or he will not keep his state.

A person comprehends science with the power of spirit and will. But science has its own strengths and weaknesses. A person should know about them, and then it will be clear to him how to develop a science and extract the maximum benefit for the good of the people.

But all good things in the world have the measure, and to know it – is big deal. You cannot, for example, act like a man who fanatically devoted to the cause, lost his sanity.

All that is beyond measure is the evil. In the food and drink, in laughter and joy, in the arms and kisses, in an effort to accumulate wealth, in agility and cunning, clothing – in all should be the measure. The ancient sages said: « That thing in which you always find joy one day will bring you grief». So let it not be a mystery that vividness of perception and the ability to compare things - are two forces which, together, give all the necessary to humans. Good and evil are hidden in them. They give birth to careerism, and boasting, wickedness and falsehood, and all the other vices. Knowing how to distinguish the good from the bad a person is able to resist the destructive passions. But one cannot resist by a single mind.The mind must be united with the will, and then we can curb the passion. Anyone who possesses these two qualities can control vividness of perception and the power of attraction of a uniform with uniform as faithful pacer to whom you know where to entrust the reins. But if your mind and will are small or you possess just one of these qualities – you should know that you’ve lost control over the two qualities of the spirit. You find yourself in the position of the rider, who sitting on the unbridled wild horse is at risk to break up on the rocks, to fall on the stones or dive into the water. God knows where and when it will happen. You have no choice but to wait for trouble. Waving your dressing gown and with the eyes fixed in the sky, you're rushing, and the humiliation of your own helplessness will follow you until the last minute.-----1898

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